Established in February 2017, RMB is the Government of Rwanda body responsible for implementing and advising the government on issues related national policies, laws and strategies related to mines, petroleum and gas. It is also mandated to monitor and coordinate the implementation of strategies related to mines, petroleum and gas. In addition to monitoring, it is supposed to carryout research & exploration in geology, mining and petroleum and do disseminate the findings. Further, the RMB is supposed to supervise and monitor private or public entities conducting mining, trade and value addition of mineral operations. It is to assist the government in valuing mining and quarry concessions. Lastly, RMB is to cooperate and collaborate with other regional and international institutions carrying out similar mission.